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Sannyasa and Tyaga

Sannyasa and Tyaga

Renounced order of life (Sannyasa).

The process of leaving all activities based on material desires is called the renounced order of life. This is a process of leaving the selfish motives in each endeavor.

Image source: Pixabay

Renunciation (Tyaga)

The process of leaving all fruits of work is called renunciation.
Image source: Pixabay

Some learned men declare that all forms of material activities should be abandoned but some others feel that sacred activities such as penance (control of senses), charity, sacrifice, Japa should not be abandoned under any circumstances otherwise our next life will be disturbed. Whatever good or bliss, we are enjoying in this life is because of sacred activities such as 
penance (control of senses), charity, sacrifice, Japa performed by us in previous births. These activities purify even the consciousness of great persons. 

Types of Renunciations:

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Renunciation in the mode of goodness: 

When activities are performed as a prescribed duty that is required to be done without any desire of desirable results, gain, profit or reward in return and without any attachment or material association then It is called renunciation in the mode of goodness. The renouncer with pure intelligence neither hates inauspicious work nor attached to auspicious work. He has no doubt about work. Once again, I would like to reiterate that equilibrium has to be established in each and every aspect of life as per Bhagavad-Gita.

How can a person give up all the material activities?

The answer is "NO". You have to renounce the result of actions performed by you. Only then, you are truly renounced.

The person who remains attached to the results of their actions gets themselves trapped in the net of action and reactions and is subject to good, bad, or mixed results either in this birth or future births. They will be subjected to miseries, anxieties, distress, old age, diseases, pains inflicted upon them by their mind and body, other living beings, natural disasters upon which they have no control. 

This material world is a dangerous and miserable, place to live in. The recent pandemic of COVID-19 and disaster caused by cyclone "Amphon" in east India are examples to prove my point. Our mind and intelligence should be focused 24x7 on getting out of this material world by remembering God 24x7. Those who are in the renounced order of life neither suffer nor enjoy the results of their actions.

Japa (repeating a mantra or divine name in a meditative mode either speaking in a low voice so that the person doing Japa can hear his own voice or reciter has to speak it within his mind only). It is found in Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Shintoism. Japa can be performed individually in the meditative procedure, or while doing other works or while walking or can be recited collectively in a group.

Renunciation in the mode of passion:

There are some persons who give up prescribed duties such as charity, sacrifice, penance, Japa (explained above) due to discomfort feeling experienced by their body and mind, or finding it troublesome. This type of renunciation is in the mode of passion and such people are not able to elevate them in renunciation.

Renunciation in the mode of ignorance: 

Some duties are prescribed such as charity, sacrifice, penance, Japa, austerity and these should never be renounced as these duties are the building blocks of your next life's blessings and they also purify your consciousness. If any person abandons these activities under the influence of illusion and atheism then that person is doomed and such renunciation is in the mode of ignorance. 

Thanks for reading the blog.

Obeisances to my spiritual master and God Shri Krishna.

Pankaj Mannan


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